Green homes have a connection to the environment in a way that it allows a balance between human influence and the natural processes in a given environment. Overall, building a home of that kind requires wise decisions and careful planning that make you as independent from the local grid as possible. The benefits of green homes are well-known as they offer a safer, cost-effective opportunity to live in a healthier environment. There are ways to do this and we will do our best to cover them here:
1. Using safe materials – This is a crucial part of the process as you must use biodegradable products which are safe and non-toxic to your local environment. Using dyes, ozone-depleting chemicals, heavy metals and carcinogens as they have a poisonous effect on the environment.
2. Passive Solar Design – When you’re building a brand new home you can always utilize this very old design which offers the natural light of the sun to warm up your home. This is achieved through the clever use of building orientation, reflective screens, stone floors, skylights, thermal chimneys and window placement. This will allow you to make use of the available heat during the cold winter months to back up other ways of heating which you may have implemented into your building.
3. Attic space ventilation – If your home is located in an area where hot climate is the norm the attic can accumulate a lot of heat as the day moves on. This can be offset by installing vents at the eaves and the ridges of a roof. The use of light-reflecting brighter colors can fight the heat to an extent as well as properly insulating the home from the outside heat. On the other hand if you live in a cold climate you risk mold as condensation begins to form in the attic at unreachable locations if the building isn’t built right. This is the reason why attics must be ventilated so you can avoid long-term damage.
4. Protecting the local site – When you’re constructing your building you must do so in accordance with the environment around you. Do your best to protect the trees and the landscape around you as well as the birds living on your land so you can enjoy a seamless transition where most of the original site will be kept after you finish construction. Never bury and paints and solvents on site as this will damage the local soil and contaminate any underground water that might pass underneath your property.
5. Water and irrigation – The best way to approach this is to make liberal use of whatever local resources you have available on your land. The landscaping of your home must be made in accordance with the rainfall of the area meaning the plants you’ll grow have to be of the local variety as they will be most resilient and best-suited for this particular ecosystem. Use materials which allow water to pass through them such as open paving blocks or crushed granite. Even if you can not afford moving to a new green home, you can try to make your own greener!